Being the first thing that readers will see in your dissertation, the abstract is one of the most fundamental parts of your work. It basically provides your readers with a small excerpt that should lure them into reading the rest of the document. Normally, abstracts are very common in almost every type of academic writing ranging from grant proposals to final theses. As earlier stated it comes at the beginning of your paper and therefore needs to be as concise as possible. Abstracts usually give readers an idea of what to expect in the paper and its format should conform to the guidelines provided by the respective discipline you are in
The two primary types of dissertation abstracts are descriptive and informative abstracts. The former abstract type generally includes information that lets you know what the work is all about by using focus words and keyword phrases. They generally cover the scope, purpose, and methods used in your work and are usually short with a word count of at least 100 words.
Unlike the descriptive abstracts that give a general outline of your paper, the latter type is more detailed and itemized. It presents the fundamental contentions while likewise featuring the principal findings and recommendations. It is normally longer than the descriptive one and its length ranges between 250 and 350 words. Despite being the first read in your dissertation, when writing any of the discussed abstracts, it would be best to write them last. This will ensure that you comprehensively capture everything from the work that you feel are generally significant.
Keep in mind that abstracts are generally in passage form. This means that they are generally one paragraph and this needs to be well written, organized, and easy to follow. During the creative cycle, you should begin by re-perusing your work completely to capture the main key points. Take your time and read each section exclusively. Note down a few sentences from each section and highlight the main thoughts captured in the sections. You can use simple language and effective sentence structures with cohesive tools to ensure that your abstract flows well.
Once you are done writing the first copy, read it through to assess whether it captures key points in your paper. if it does not, then you will have to repeat the whole process again. Review every single section and make sure to note down important highlights for your abstract. If the abstract is fine, then you can move to the next stage. Proceed to assess if the abstract follows all the guidelines provided by your department or university.
In short, writing a dissertation abstract is a challenging task especially if it is your first time. Abstracts often create the first impression effect on your work. Given this critical responsibility, you will need to take your time writing it, and while at it, consider using simple language and proper sentence structure. This is the only way to ensure that you will have an effective abstract.